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美國機構評年度最臭名昭著商場 共匪佔領區排第一位

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發表於 2018-1-13 08:15:42 |顯示全部樓層
美國機構評年度最臭名昭著商場 共匪佔領區排第一位

CHINA
As in past years, several commenters continue to identify China as the primary source of counterfeit products. Some Chinese markets, particularly in larger cities, have adopted policies and procedures intended to limit the availability of counterfeit merchandise, but these policies are not widely adopted, and enforcement remains inconsistent. At the same time, some online markets are cooperating with law enforcement on counterfeiting and piracy operations offline. It is reported that in many instances, Chinese authorities engage in routine enforcement actions in physical markets. The United States welcomes these efforts and recommends their expansion to combat more effectively the scale of the reported problem in China, with a special focus on the following key markets:

秀水街 Silk Market, Beijing
Many retail vendors at the Silk Market reportedly sell and distribute counterfeit products.

Even though some right holders successfully sued the market’s operators in prior years, and despite administrative and criminal raids in prior years, the Silk Market reportedly remains one of the largest markets for the sale of counterfeit products in Beijing. Thus, it appears that past civil and administrative enforcement efforts, although imposing some costs, have not actually ended infringement.

紅橋市場 Hongqiao Market, Beijing
Hongqiao Market, and the adjoining Tianya Jewelry Market, has more than 1,000 shops. According to local media reports, some of the shops selling counterfeits are clandestine – doors remain closed except to known customers, while other shops solicit shoppers by showing them photos of the counterfeit goods in the street and then escorting them into shops or warehouses.

Some shops even provide mailing services to send counterfeit products abroad. Hongqiao market was recently the subject of a January 2017 ruling in Beijing’s Dongcheng District Court declaring that Hongqiao Market bore joint liability along with the counterfeit sellers and had to pay $75,000 in damages to one right holder. Additionally, in April and July 2017, Chinese enforcement officials raided Hongqiao Market and seized a significant number of counterfeit products. The Beijing Administration of Industry and Commerce (BAIC) has placed Hongqiao Market on its priority-watch list for trademark infringement.

In addition to the foregoing markets, the following markets also exemplify the problem of widespread counterfeiting of consumer products. Right holders have investigated and in some cases have taken enforcement actions against markets or sellers therein, but those efforts have reportedly not led to the cessation of the sale of counterfeit goods in these markets. In many of these markets, sellers reportedly openly characterize their products as “high quality” counterfeit products, reflecting an ability to engage in counterfeit sales with impunity:

- 錦都服裝批發城 Shenzhen Jindu Garment Wholesale Market, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province
- 金象服裝批發廣場 Jinxiang Foreign Trade Garment Market, Guangzhou (formerly known as the Jinbao Foreign Trade Garment Market)
- 金順服裝市場 Jinshun Garment Market, Guangzhou
- 站西服裝批發商場 Zhanxi Area Markets, Guangzhou

2017 Notorious Markets List Spotlights Global Piracy and Counterfeiting, Defends American Products and Workers

Washington, D.C. – United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer today announced the findings of the 2017 Special 301 Out-of-Cycle Review of Notorious Markets, also known as the Notorious Markets List (List).  The List highlights 25 online markets and 18 physical markets around the world that are reported to be engaging in and facilitating substantial copyright piracy and trademark counterfeiting.

This activity harms the American economy by undermining the innovation and intellectual property rights (IPR) of U.S. owners of IPR in foreign markets.  Imports in counterfeit and pirated physical products is estimated at nearly half a trillion dollars, or around 2.5% of global imports.

“Marketplaces worldwide that contribute to illicit trade cause severe harm to the American economy, innovation, and workers,” said Ambassador Robert Lighthizer. “The Trump Administration is committed to holding intellectual property right violators accountable and intensifying efforts to combat counterfeiting and piracy.”

The 2017 Notorious Markets List maintains its special focus on the distribution of pirated content and counterfeit goods online. This year, the report highlights illicit streaming devices as an emerging piracy model of growing concern. The report also calls on several e-commerce platforms to improve takedown procedures, proactive measures, and cooperation with right holders—particularly small and medium-sized businesses—to decrease the volume and prevalence of counterfeit and pirated goods on their platforms.   

Over the past year, some market owners and operators have made efforts to address the widespread availability of pirated or counterfeit goods in their markets.  Some governments also continue to institute novel strategies to combat piracy and counterfeiting. These strategies include: voluntary initiatives with advertising networks to cut off financial support for websites devoted to copyright infringement; installing intellectual property enforcement centers on-location in high-priority physical markets; and using skills training to reorient former counterfeit sellers towards operating legitimate businesses. At the same time, we vigilantly monitor marketplaces with a record of piracy and counterfeit goods.

https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2018/january/2017-notorious-markets-list

To read the full report, click https://ustr.gov/sites/default/files/files/Press/Reports/2017%20Notorious%20Markets%20List%201.11.18.pdfhttps://ustr.gov/sites/default/files/files/Press/Reports/2017%20Notorious%20Markets%20List%201.11.18.pdf
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