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[翻牆大伏] 共匪控制的 VPN 公司

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發表於 2019-7-12 10:26:33 |顯示全部樓層
Top VPNs secretly owned by Chinese firms  

Nearly a third of top VPNs are secretly owned by Chinese companies, while other owners are based in countries with weak or no privacy laws, potentially putting users at risk, security researchers warn

Almost a third (30%) of the world’s top virtual private network (VPN) providers are secretly owned by six Chinese companies, according to a study by privacy and security research firm VPNpro.

The study shows that the top 97 VPNs are run by just 23 parent companies, many of which are based in countries with lax privacy laws.

Six of these companies are based in China and collectively offer 29 VPN services, but in many cases, information on the parent company is hidden to consumers.

Researchers at VPNpro have pieced together ownership information through company listings, geolocation data, the CVs of employees and other documentation.

In some instances, ownership of different VPNs is split amongst a number of subsidiaries. For example, Chinese company Innovative Connecting owns three separate businesses that produce VPN apps: Autumn Breeze 2018, Lemon Cove and All Connected. In total, Innovative Connecting produces 10 seemingly unconnected VPN products, the study shows.

Although the ownership of a number of VPN services by one company is not unusual, VPNpro is concerned that so many are based in countries with lax or non-existence privacy laws.

For example, seven of the top VPN services are owned by Gaditek, based in Pakistan. This means the Pakistani government can legally access any data without a warrant and data can also be freely handed over to foreign institutions, according to VPNpro.

The ability to access the data held by VPN providers, the researchers said, could enable governments or other organisations to identify users and their activity online. This potentially puts human rights activists, privacy advocates, investigative journalists and whistleblowers in jeopardy.

This lack of privacy, the study notes, extends to ordinary consumers, who are also coming under greater government surveillance.

Top VPNs secretly owned by Chinese firms
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發表於 2019-7-12 10:27:38 |顯示全部樓層
“We’re not accusing any of these companies of doing anything underhand. However, we are concerned that so many VPN providers are not fully transparent about who owns them and where they are based,” said Laura Kornelija Inamedinova, research analyst at VPNpro.

“Many VPN users would be shocked to know that data held on them could be legally requested by governments in countries such as China and Pakistan.

“Our recommendation is that people do a lot of due diligence on the VPN that they want to use, since they aren’t all created equal and simply using a VPN does not guarantee privacy or security.”

VPNpro identified a further four companies: Super VPN & Free Proxy, Giga Studios, Sarah Hawken, and Fifa VPN, which together own 10 VPN services – where the parent company, and therefore company of origin, is completely hidden.

In February 2019, two US senators raised concerns about this issue and the potential threat to consumers and government agencies, calling on the Department of Homeland Security to investigate the possibility that VPNs are allowing valuable information to be routed to foreign adversaries.

In a letter, Democrat Ron Wyden and Republican Marco Rubio asked Christopher Krebs, director of the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) under the DHS, to perform a VPN threat assessment to determine potential risks to the US government, SearchSecurity reported.

In a factsheet on VPNs, civil liberties and privacy group Big Brother Watch warns that VPN providers have the potential to see users’ internet activity, “but many paid for VPNs make it clear that they do not log any of their user’s traffic”.

This prevents VPN providers from giving a document of any of the websites users visit, the guidance states.

Big Brother Watch recommends that free VPNs should be avoided because they may not be secure and could track users.

“If you want to be sure your online activity stays private, make sure you choose a VPN which does not log your internet activity and online traffic,” the guidance says. “Not all VPNs are the same. Make sure you do your research before choosing a VPN.”
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發表於 2019-7-12 20:47:47 |顯示全部樓層
全球 3 成 VPN 業者被中資掌控,網友翻牆恐被監控

資安機構調查發現,全球97家主要翻牆軟體(VPN)業者中,至少有 29 家的母公司是中資公司,比重直逼 3 成。專業人士認為,中國官方除可藉此建立 VPN 用戶的大數據外,也能讓翻牆趨於困難。

深圳一名曾參與本土 VPN 經營的人士向《中央社》記者表示,這個舉動就好比「修(蓋)了牆,又要把人家搭的(翻牆)梯子收了」。

這名人士指出,中資企業自行成立或收購境外 VPN 公司的做法,約自 2015 年前後開始。這些 VPN 公司被納入中資旗下後,雖然持續收費運作,但翻牆的難度卻在升高,到了今年更是明顯。

德國之聲報導,負責這項調查報告的資安研究機構 VPNPro 還指出,全球 97 家主要 VPN 業者分別由 23 家母公司掌握。但這 23 家中的 6 家卻是中資公司,旗下擁有 29 家 VPN 業者。
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發表於 2019-7-12 21:14:13 |顯示全部樓層
最驚 佢 偷 密碼和個人資料....
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發表於 2019-7-13 14:14:23 |顯示全部樓層
暗渡陳倉...
難為美帝還有班熊貓派,以為強國人同美國人一樣天真,屎咗都5知為乜
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